Flies live in garbage and wherever animal feces are available. Dead animals attract flies within hours after death. Most flies are diurnal. Larvae feed on decaying meat and feces. Adult flies feed on sugary food of any kind, including nectar and rotting fruit.
Because of their habits of being attracted to feces and decaying meat, flies have been implicated in transmission of disease such as dysentery, typhoid fever, and cholera.
Where to find
Flies live around rotting food, decaying meat and animal feces. Horse stables, feed lots and restaurant trash bins are a few of the fly-frequented areas. Flies are more common in warm weather.
Rodents are destructive and can spread disease. They are most active at night although they may be seen during the day when numbers are high and food is in short supply. Apart from tell-tale droppings, rats in particular may be indicated by signs of gnawing needed to control the growth of their teeth, oily smears from their coats along walls used for guidance due to their poor eyesight, burrows and worn tracks in undergrowth.
Where bait stations are used, they should be checked at least every other day and replenished as required. Baiting should continue until the bait is no longer being taken. Tracking powders are another alternative. These rely on the rodent picking up the powder on its feet and fur, then ingesting the poison in grooming itself. Tracking powders may be useful where it is difficult to remove the alternative food sources.
The most effective approach is to employ DePEST PEST CONTROL MALAYSIA.
The German, American, Australian, Smoky Brown and Oriental cockroaches are considered pests because they live indoors. Cockroaches have not yet been proven to be involved in the transmission of disease, but the potential definitely exists. Most cockroach species live for 3 to 12 months and take only 6 weeks to reach adulthood. Depending on the species each female can lay 13 to 50 egg cases, each containing between 16 to 40 eggs.
Cockroaches are an ancient group, having remained relatively unchanged for hundreds of millions of years. They have a flattened body, long antennae and bristly legs. They have specialised sensors called 'cerci' (which are like rear-mounted antennae) that make them acutely aware of their surroundings. Any sign of danger sends them scuttling away. They also have the ability to eat almost anything including all consumable food and other stuff such as toothpaste, paper, soap, glue, leather and excrement. This is a great advantage when competing with other species for food. A few cockroach species have become associated with humans. The amount of waste that we produce provides a great variety of food for them and their many offspring. Over the course of a year some female cockroaches can produce over 20,000 young. Depending on species, they can be small or large in size.
Their sheer numbers and indiscriminate feeding habits mean they may spread disease-causing organisms, although there is very little evidence to suggest this actually happens. They do, however, cause strong allergic reactions in some people. They like warm, dark and moist environments. They will hide in cracks and creavices and are active by night.
- Worldwide there are around 4,000 species of cockroaches.
- Approximately 450 of these are found in Australia.
- In Australia, only five species are considered pests.
The five pest species have become scavenging experts and have a long association with humans. In fact, some scientists believe that as early humans left Africa to colonise the world, cockroaches were probably not far behind.